Summary of Task Force Finding
The Community Preventive Services Task Force recommends meal interventions and fruit and vegetable snack interventions to increase the availability of healthier foods and beverages provided by schools. This finding is based on evidence that they increase fruit and vegetable consumption and reduce or maintain the rate of obesity or overweight.
The Task Force has related findings for interventions to increase healthier foods and beverages in schools:
- Multicomponent Interventions to Increase Availability of Healthier Foods and Beverages in Schools(recommended)
- Interventions Supporting Healthier Snack Foods and Beverages Sold or Offered as a Reward in Schools (insufficient evidence)
- Increasing Water Access in Schools (insufficient evidence)
Meal interventions and fruit and vegetable snack interventions aim to provide healthier foods and beverages that are appealing to students, limit access to less healthy foods and beverages, or both.
Interventions must include one of the following components:
- School meal policies that ensure school breakfasts or lunches meet specific nutrition requirements (e.g., School Breakfast Program, National School Lunch Program)
- Fresh fruit and vegetable programs that provide fresh fruits and vegetables to students during lunch or snack