Why is this important?
- One in five adults in the United States have some type of disability (CDC, 2017).
- Adults with disabilities are more likely to be obese, smoke, have high blood pressure, and be physically inactive than adults without disabilities(CDC, 2017).
- Increased risk for medical conditions, such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes, and some cancers are also more common among adults with disabilities (CDC, 2017).
Health Promotion in Community Based Organizations: Understanding the Needs and Capacity
Jasmina Sisirak, PhD, MPH and Beth Marks, PhD, RN, FAAN
May 17th, 2018
Webinar 5: Health Promotion in Community Based Organizations: Understanding the Needs and Capacity
3:00 pm, Eastern Standard Time
Presenters: Jasmina Sisirak, PhD, MPH (email@example.com) and Beth Marks, PhD, RN (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Abstract: Focusing only on motivating individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) to change their behaviors oftentimes results in many people returning to unhealthy behaviors because their environment does not recognize the influence and importance of organizational attitudes, policy, and “corporate cultures” on individual behavior change. We evaluated organizational health promotion programs and services, resources, organizational culture and employee’s perception of knowledge, skills and attitudes in over 70 community based organizations (CBOs) in seven states. We will share the results of our findings and recommendations for improving health promotion capacity within CBOs.
Jasmina Sisirak, PhD, MPH is an Associate Director of Training and Dissemination at the RRTCDD and the Research Assistant Professor at the Department of Disability and Human Development, University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC). Jasmina received her PhD in Public Health with emphasis in Epidemiology and Community Health. Her research interests consist of nutrition, health literacy, health promotion and curriculum development for people with intellectual and developmental disabilities and their caregivers. Jasmina is also Associate Director of the HealthMatters Program.
Beth Marks, RN, PhD, FAAN is a Research Associate Professor at the Department of Disability and Human Development, UIC and the Associate Director for Research in the RRTCDD. Her research interests include the empowerment and advancement of persons with disabilities through health promotion, health advocacy, and primary health care. She has published numerous articles and books related to health promotion, health advocacy, and primary health care for people with disabilities. Dr. Marks is also the Director of the HealthMatters Program.
Hsieh, K., Murthy, S., Heller, T., Rimmer, J., Yen, G. (2017). Reported gum disease as a cardiovascular risk factor in adults with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, DOI: 10.1111/jir.12438
Several risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) have been identified among adults with intellectual disabilities (ID). Periodontitis has been reported to increase the risk of developing a CVD in the general population. Given that individuals with ID have been reported to have a higher prevalence of poor oral health than the general population, the purpose of this study was to determine whether adults with ID with informant reported gum disease present greater reported CVD than those who do not have reported gum disease and whether gum disease can be considered a risk factor for CVD.
Using baseline data from the Longitudinal Health and Intellectual Disability Study from which informant survey data were collected, 128 participants with reported gum disease and 1252 subjects without reported gum disease were identified. A series of univariate logistic regressions was conducted to identify potential confounding factors for a multiple logistic regression.
The series of univariate logistic regressions identified age, Down syndrome, hypercholesterolemia, hypertension, reported gum disease, daily consumption of fruits and vegetables and the addition of table salt as significant risk factors for reported CVD. When the significant factors from the univariate logistic regression were included in the multiple logistic analysis, reported gum disease remained as an independent risk factor for reported CVD after adjusting for the remaining risk factors. Compared with the adults with ID without reported gum disease, adults in the gum disease group demonstrated a significantly higher prevalence of reported CVD (19.5% vs. 9.7%; P = .001).
After controlling for other risk factors, reported gum disease among adults with ID may be associated with a higher risk of CVD. However, further research that also includes clinical indices of periodontal disease and CVD for this population is needed to determine if there is a causal relationship between gum disease and CVD.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14(12), 1503; doi:10.3390/ijerph14121503
Kelly Hsieh 1,* , Thessa I. M. Hilgenkamp 2, Sumithra Murthy 1, Tamar Heller 1 and James H. Rimmer 3
1 Department of Disability and Human Development, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60609, USA
2 Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
3 School of Health Professions, University of Alabama at Birmingham, SHPB 331, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
The paper has been published online: http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/14/12/1503
Adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) are more likely to lead sedentary lifestyles and have low levels of physical activity (LLPA). The present study investigated the prevalence of reported LLPA and time spent watching TV in adults with ID and identified the associated factors for these behaviors. The proxy informants of 1618 adults with ID completed the surveys regarding their health behaviors. Multiple logistic regressions were employed for LLPA and multiple linear regressions for time spent watching TV. About 60% of adults with ID had LLPA and average time spent watching TV was 3.4 h a day. Some characteristics and health and function variables were identified as associated factors. While engaging in community activities and involvement in Special Olympics were inversely associated with LLPA, they were not associated with time spent watching TV. Attending day/educational programs or being employed were associated with spending less time watching TV. Findings highlight differential factors associated with LLPA versus TV-watching behavior in adults with ID. Hence, a key strategy aimed at increasing physical activity includes promoting participation in social and community activities, while targeted activities for reducing sedentary behavior might focus on providing day programs or employment opportunities for adults with ID.
When people think about their later years, they usually imagine a life freed from work or career commitments. They hope, too, that this new freedom will allow them to give their full attention to family, friends, and the activities they feel most passionate about. Making this dream a reality, however, requires health and independence, which in turn require a renewed commitment to staying healthy in general and to maintaining that health through exercise.
The good news, though, is that exercise confers all the same benefits to seniors that it does to those earlier in life, including increased longevity, improved mental clarity, a boost in energy, and greater strength to meet the physical demands of daily living. This is true even if you don’t start exercising until your later years. And while older people tend to become more sedentary as retirement and the challenges of old age restrict their activities, that doesn’t mean that you can’t make a reasonable course of exercise a part of your life or the life of a loved one.
With that in mind, here is everything you need to know about keeping an active lifestyle well into your senior years.
William H. Neumeier1, Christine Grosso2, James H. Rimmer1
1 University of Alabama at Birmingham and Lakeshore Foundation Research Collaborative
Obesity is an increasingly common condition that is characterized by an increase in the number and size of fat cells in the body. Obesity is most commonly measured by Body Mass Index (BMI), with a BMI ranging from 25-29.9 kilograms per meter squared (kg/m2) indicating an individual is overweight, and a rate greater than 30 kg/m2 indicating a state of obesity. Rates of overweight and obesity among child and adult populations are an increasing healthcare concern. The number of individuals who are overweight or obese has increased over the past 40 years . This has resulted in an increased focus, understanding, and action for obesity treatment.
Obesity rates are a concern for the general population, but research findings consistently report even higher rates of obesity among individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD). The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report approximately 35% of the general population is obese, while the rate of obesity among adults with IDD is as high as 58.5% in the United States [2-5]. The consequences of obesity predispose adults with IDD to a greater risk of secondary health conditions that can impair their health status and quality of life. In addition, individuals with IDD may possess non-modifiable risk factors for obesity, such as mobility limitations or factors related to the individual’s diagnosis. Secondary risk factors, such as barriers to physical activity, lack of social support, higher levels of food insecurity, limited access to proper nutrition, medications that may influence weight, and transportation, may also increase susceptibility to obesity for a child or adult with IDD [2, 6]. In total, obesity is a complex, multi-faceted condition that needs greater attention in the IDD population. The 2005 Surgeon General’s Call to Action to Improve the Health and Wellness of Persons with Disabilities emphasizes equal opportunities for healthy living for individuals with disabilities. This policy brief will highlight known issues related to obesity in general, issues uniquely related to obesity for individuals with IDD, and provide recommendations and resources for addressing these issues.
- Better Health by Health Education & Sustained Employment September 28st, 2017
- Promoting Health and Leadership in Project SEARCH® Programs October, 12th, 2017
- Integrating Technology to Increase Student Interns’ Health, Fitness, and Personal Responsibilities October, 26th, 2017
- Using the Health Matters Curriculum with the Project SEARCH® Program Model January, 18st, 2018
- Mindfulness: Strategies for Building Success and Wellness in the 21st Century Workforce February, 15th, 2018
- There is no cost for these webinars.
- CEUs are not offered for these webinars.
- For disability accommodations email Jasmina Sisirak (email@example.com) at least 10 days before the webinars.
The webinars are hosted by the HealthMatters ProgramTM in partnership with Project SEARCH® and funded by The Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Developmental Disabilities and Health (RRTCDD). The RRTCDD is funded through United States Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Community Living (ACL), National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research (NIDILRR), Grant # 90RT5020-01-00, and a grant from the Ohio Developmental Disabilities Council.
Source: HealthMatters WebEx Event Center
|Play recording (54 min)||Download Transcript|
|Description:||Project SEARCH is committed to supporting health and fitness education during the transition to employment. Accordingly, Project SEARCH partnered with UnitedHealthcare last year to provide Project SEARCH sites with Health Matters: The Exercise and Nutrition Health Education Curriculum for People with Developmental Disabilities. More recently, we were awarded a grant from the Ohio DD Council to study the use of the Health Matters curriculum in the context of Project SEARCH. As a first step, we surveyed Project SEARCH Instructors on their experience with the Health Matters curriculum and other health and fitness activities. The purpose was to learn about both the successes and obstacles that instructors encountered. The results of that survey will be presented here, and we plan to gather additional information from members of the audience in an informal focus group discussion. Ultimately, we plan to create and test a clear set of guidelines for integrating the Health Matters curriculum into Project SEARCH in a manner that will optimize learning of health and fitness principles without interfering with the primary Project SEARCH goal of competitive employment.|
|PRESENTERS||Maryellen Daston, PhD, Program Specialist, Cincinnati Children’s Hospital, Cincinnati, OH. Maryellen is a technical writer with a background in biomedical research. Prior to her current position with Project SEARCH, she was involved with research in the field of developmental neuroscience. In her current position, Maryellen works with the Project SEARCH central administration team at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center. Maryellen manages the Project SEARCH database and is responsible for editing and writing content for the Project SEARCH website, articles for professional journals, and other communications. She is also involved with researching funding opportunities, writing grant proposals, and overseeing research related to Project SEARCH. In addition, Maryellen co-authored the book on the history, philosophy, and practices that define the Project SEARCH model, “High School Transition that Works: Lessons Learned from Project SEARCH”, Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co.|
|: Play recording (51 min)
|Date and time:||Thursday, February 15, 2018 2:00-3:00 pm (Eastern Time)|